Sauna is a small room or house designed as a place to experience dry or wet heat sessions, or an establishment with one or more of these and auxiliary facilities.

There are several types of saunas:
Banya is a traditional Russian steam bath. The banya is less hot than the Finnish sauna, but what it lacks in temperature is compensated by pouring more water over the stones of the stove, creating steam and higher humidity.

There is almost no difference between traditional (people's) saunas and banyas. Sometimes, they are distinguished by sauna's having dry steam and banya's wet steam. However, historically, both types used wet steam.Finnish Sauna today is using dry steam, which is tolerated easier than wet steam in Russian banya.
In the steam room(in Russian, parilka) there is a wood stove, where the heat comes from. Beside the stove stands a bucket of water that is poured over the heated stones of the stove. Usually across the stove are wooden benches.

There are banyas that are heated "black" and banyas that are heated "white". In the first case, the smoke is led out through a hole in the ceiling. They are characterized by boulder stones and clay balls and cauldrons for the hot water.

The firewood is usually birch. The smoke from the wood darkens the inside of the banya (therefore "black"). For white banyas there are different constructions, but all have stone stoves with a tank to heat the water. Therefore, white banyas need bigger branches as firewood. Some banyas are in the inside of big stone stoves.
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